China under Xi Jinping

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The writer is a columnist and independent researcher. He can be reached at

The strategies and programs followed by Xi Jinping will make China a global super power in near future. Examining the Belt Road Initiative (BRI) policy of China, which is mostly highlighted, is just a tip of an iceberg when it comes to his wider vision. Apart from BRI, he has adopted many programs that will glorify his name in the upcoming books of history.

BRI Vision of XI Jinping:

China’s Belt and Road (BRI) is an ambitious program unveiled by XI Jinping in 2013 to connect Asia, Europe and Africa via a network of roads and sea routes to improve regional integration, boost economic growth and advance its military objectives.  China is spending around $150 billion annually to give it a practical shape. It spent approximately $1trillion in four years. Currently, about 900 projects are under progress and 80 per cent are contracted to Chinese enterprises. China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is its tiny part. The BRI is also used by China to achieve its military objectives. For instances, at present, Chinese state-owned enterprises are running around 76 port and terminals in 34 different countries. The Gawader port will also act as a mini military base for China to maintain its hegemony in Arabian Sea and counter the growing influence of India. China has also announced to establish arbitrary court for BRI to obviate the need of International Court of Justice (ICJ) that is under the complete influence of the US.

Social Credit System:

Xi Jinping has also launched a “Social Credit System” and it will be completed this year, 2020. Under this system, the Chinese government will observe the activities of every single citizen with the help of information collected from online payments, social media applications, and 200 million surveillance cameras. They will be rewarded and punished based on their activities. If they were found wasting too much time on playing video games and involving in other useless activities, they would be punished by slowing down their internet connection or putting ban on their travelling and outing. Approximately 200 million surveillance cameras are installed for this purpose. China has also gained permission from Apple to gather data of its citizens. Imagine, what will be the status of a country in future where all citizens are forced to spend time for only useful activity. Undoubtedly, that country will obviously become a global power, if it succeeds in this system.

Made in China 2025:

This is the one of the ambitious programs of XI jinping after the BRI. According to it, Chinese local firms are to control as much as 80 per cent of the domestic market by 2025. It means China wants to cut its import to a larger extent to boost its economy. The government has already taken stringent measures to achieve this strategy.  It is providing large subsidies to the local firms and has also put barriers to foreign competitors. For instances, the Chinese government has made it compulsory for the electric automobiles company to use batteries “Made in China” only, thus, eliminating Japanese and South Korean Competitors. Besides, the Huawei Company, a local firm of China, has developed a mobile set with almost the all features of iPhone and the government is urging people to buy Huawei instead of apple. Moreover, the OPPO mobile phone is also launched to eliminate, Samsung, the South Korean competitor. Hence, Chinese firms, under the patronage of the government, are working hard to control domestic market by eliminating foreign competitors.

South China Sea “Code of Conduct”

China is also negotiating South China Sea “Code of Conduct” with the members of Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). Under the Code of Conduct, a foreigner cannot explore oil or conduct any military drill without seeking permission from the ASEAN. The aim of China is to kick out India and the US from the region. Although, they have not reached at an agreement, yet China can achieve this aim in future by increasing its economic influence.

Constitutional Amendments:

In March 2018, the government of Xi Jinping took a momentous decision to amend the constitution to allow XI to serve for a lifetime. Before, Chinese constitutions permitted only two terms for the president. The government feared that the change in the authority would affect the visions launched by him. It was a tough decision for the government but they took it keeping in view the leadership qualities of XI. China has followed our Islamic system. Islam allows appointing a caliph for a lifetime, if he works in a right direction. It was a reason that the first four pious caliphs were appointed for a lifetime. Thus, the move of China to allow its president to serve for a lifetime augurs well for its future and increases its chances to become a global power.

NGOs permission from the government:

In January 2017, Beijing enacted a stringent new law requiring NGOs working in China to register with the government, obtain permission for every activity and refrain from fund raising within the country. Without any doubt, some NGOs work to instigate revolt within the country by invoking the sentiments of people. After the law, the number of NGOs in China declined from around 7000 to over 400.

Anti corruption campaign of XI:

Xi Jinping has followed the anti corruption campaign in China in a transparent way. Not even the members of Chinese political parties are barred from its activity. He has followed the rule of law in a true sense. For instances, In July 2017, Sun Zhengcai, a rising star within the communist party of China who served as party secretary of the municipality of Chongqing, was charged with corruption and removed from office.

These above are some strategies followed by Xi Jinping to make China a great nation of the world and a global super power.


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